STD and HIV PEP in Singapore
Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, can cause a variety of different health problems. Some can be definitively cured through antibiotics. Others can be managed through the use of antiviral medications. HIV is complex to manage, but can sometimes be prevented with HIV PEP.
A sexually transmitted disease, or STD, is an infectious disease that is acquired through sexual contact. An STD can be caused by any type of microorganism, including viruses, bacteria, or parasites.
Certain types of STD are easily treated. Gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis (“trich”), and syphilis can all be effectively treated with antibiotics. Although the damage the infection has caused is sometimes irreversible, the infection itself can be cured and no further damage will be done to the body.
Other types of STD cannot be cured, but can be managed. Herpes can be treated with antiviral medications. Although the virus will still remain in the body and can later cause new outbreaks of herpes sores, the medications can help to keep the infection under control. Genital warts can be removed through a variety of methods, although the underlying infection with the wart-causing virus (HPV) remains and new warts can grow. Eventually, the body clears the HPV infection on its own.
- An STD is an infectious disease acquired through sexual activity.
- Some STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics, including syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis.
- Some STDs can’t be cured, but can be managed, including herpes and HIV.
- The best way to prevent getting an STD is to use a condom every time you have sex, including vaginal intercourse, oral sex, or anal sex.
- If you have an exposure to HIV, the risk of infection can be decreased through the use of HIV PEP, which involves taking HIV medications for about one month after exposure. This must be started within 72 hours (three days) of the exposure.
HIV is one of the more difficult STDs to manage, although with diligent use of medications, it can be kept under control. HIV is different from most other STDs, in that it can be transmitted not only through sexual activity, but also through contact with infected blood via a contaminated needle. This can occur in the workplace for healthcare workers, or through the use of injected drugs.
Most STDs can be prevented through the use of a condom every time you have sex. This includes vaginal intercourse, as well as oral sex and anal sex. While performing cunnilingus, a dental dam will protect both partners. Although condoms aren’t perfect, they greatly decrease the risk of STD transmission.
If a person is exposed to HIV, there is a way to decrease the risk of becoming infected with the virus. This is called HIV PEP, and it involves taking HIV medications for about one month after the exposure. HIV PEP is only effective if you begin it within 72 hours after the exposure. If you believe that you may have been exposed to HIV and you want to consider taking HIV PEP in Singapore, please visit an STD clinic to consult with a specialist in this field.
Mayo Clinic. “STD symptoms: Common STDs and their symptoms.” Mayo Clinic. Published 18 Mar 2015. Accessed 27 Jun 2016. http://www.mayoclinic.org/std-symptoms/art-20047081
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published 25 Feb 2014. Accessed 27 Jun 2016. https://www.cdc.gov/std/general/default.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Screening Recommendations Referenced in Treatment Guidelines and Original Recommendation Sources.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published 4 Jun 2015. Accessed 27 Jun 2016. http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/screening-recommendations.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “HIV Basics – Testing.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Published 5 May 2016. Accessed 27 Jun 2016. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/testing.html
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. “Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP).” AIDS.gov. Published 21 Sep 2015. Accessed 27 Jun 2016. https://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/prevention/reduce-your-risk/post-exposure-prophylaxis/STD
Tags: HIV PEP
2016 July 3rd Leave a comment